Abbreviationfinder, FTAA is an acronym that corresponds to the Free
Trade Area of the Americas, a project that was born
with the purpose of expanding the North American Free Trade Agreement to
include other American countries, with the exception of Cuba.
The initiative emerged in Miami (United States)
in December 1994 with the purpose of implementing a progressive
reduction of tariff barriers in all member states. Political
transformations in South America, however, forced less
ambitious goals to be agreed.
Specifically, we can determine that the FTAA has market development,
agriculture, public sector purchases, competition policy, dispute resolution,
smaller economies or international issues as its main development and labor
issues. All this without forgetting investment, intellectual property rights,
subsidies or anti-dumping.
The FTAA promoters, with the United States at
the helm, affirm that the agreement will foster competitiveness
and specialization in the region, will contribute to improving infrastructure,
will force the disappearance of monopolies and will improve the
standard of living of Americans.
Those who criticize the project, on the other hand, maintain that the FTAA
will privatize public goods and services and will end up benefiting
the United States. The left parties do not hesitate to affirm
that it is a tool of North American imperialism, while the
more moderate positions demand that, at least, the US subsidies to agriculture
be eliminated in principle in order to advance in integration.
After the IV Summit of the Americas, which took place in
the city of Mar del Plata (Argentina) in 2005,
the project was suspended due to the strong criticism received and the massive
mobilizations of the civilian population against the block.
One of the relevant figures on the international scene that has most
vigorously attacked the FTAA is the current President of Venezuela, Hugo
Chávez. Thus, this political leader has not hesitated to describe this
initiative as one more tool of imperialism that is to be carried out in the
countries of Latin America.
A position that, to a certain extent, was also supported by other Latin
American leaders such as the case of two former presidents such as Argentina's
Néstor Kirchner and Brazil's Lula Da Silva. They are not that they fully
rejected the proposal put forward by the FTAA, but rather that they made it
clear that it must be truly free. And is that they considered that it was not
and was subject to various interests.
Economists indicate that, if the FTAA were to materialize,
it would create a common market with 800 million
inhabitants and a combined GDP of $ 21 billion annually.
Likewise, the term in question serves to give a name to a Spanish company
that operates in the industrial sector where it has been working for more than
seventy years offering the best services to its clients. Specifically, it is
focused on what is the manufacture of tools and instruments to carry out both
control and tracing. Thus, it carries out the realization of squads, levels or
gauges of different types.
Alca, on the other hand, identifies a species of bird
belonging to the Alcidae family. It is possible to distinguish between
the alca torda (which lives on the European coasts) and the giant
alca (already extinct).